Robotic surgery is the latest advance in laparoscopic surgery that makes it possible for the movements of the surgeon’s hand to be scaled, filtered and translated into precise movements of micro-instruments attached to a robotic arm.
The most widely used system is the “da Vinci”; it enables surgeons to perform operations through a few small incisions. The robot is not autonomous but is controlled directly by a surgeon sitting at a console a few meters away and an assistant in the same surgical field is also present during surgery.
Robotic surgery has faster and much more precise surgery while lowering morbidity. We mainly use it in gynaecological oncology surgeries, but it can also be used in complex hysterectomies, multiple myomectomy, and very severe endometriosis. The drawback to this surgery is its high cost.